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People and the River References

   

About.com. 2009. Pre-Colonial cultures in South Africa.  African History. http://africanhistory.about.com/library/ weekly/aa-SAColonists1.htm. Accessed on 2 May 2009.

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Ashton, P.J. 2000. Southern African water conflicts: are they inevitable or preventable? In: Water Wars: Enduring Myth or Impending Reality, In: H Solomon and AR Turton (Eds), Africa Dialogue Monograph Series No. 2. The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD), Durban, South Africa, pp. 62-105.

Ashton, P.J. and Ramasar, V. 2002. Water and HIV/AIDS: Some strategic considerations for southern Africa. In: Hydropolitics in the Developing World: A Southern African Perspective, Turton, A.R. and Henwood, R. (Eds), Pretoria, African Water Issues Research Unit (AWIRU). Pp. 217-235

Atlas of Namibia 2002.  Atlas of Namibia online.  Available at: http://www.uni-koeln.de/sfb389/e/e1/download/atlas_namibia/main_namibia_atlas.html, accessed on: October 3, 2009.

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Boudreaux, K. 2007. Mercatus Policy Series. Community-Based Natural Resource Management and Poverty Alleviation in Namibia: a Case Study. Mercatus Centre, George Mason University.

Cambray J. A., B.R. Davies, and P.J. Ashton. 1986. The Orange River System. In: Davies, B.R. and K.F. Walker (editors). The Ecology of River Systems.

Clover, J. 2003. Botswana: Future Prospects and the Need for Broad-based Development. African Security Analysis Programme Situation Report, 1 September 2003. Available at: http://www.iss.co.za/af/current/botswanasep03.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Conley, A.H. and P.H. van Niekerk. 1998. Sustainable management of international waters: The Orange River case. Water Policy, Volume: 2, Issue: 1-2 June 1, 2000. pp. 131-149.

CSO (Central Statistical Office), Botswana. 2008. STATS BRIEF, Labour March 2008. Available at: http://www.cso.gov.bw/images/stories/StatsBrief/employment_2008.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

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Davidsen, P.A. 2006. The Making and Unmaking of the Politics of Exceptionality: Studying Processes of Securitisation and Desecuritisation in the Orange and Okavango River Basins. Thesis Submitted for the Degree Master of Comparative Politics November 2006, University of Bergen. Available at: http://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/publications/abst_docs/davidsenthesis.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Davies, B.R. and K.F. Walker (Eds). 1986. The Ecology of River Systems. Monographiae Biologicae 60, 89-122.

Davis, J. 1993.  'The Stolen Water and Other Stories: Traditional Tales from Namibia', New Namibia Books, Windhoek, Namibia.

Denbow, J.R. and P.C. Thebe. 1946. Culture and Customs of Botswana. Greenwood Press. USA.

Dewalt, B.R. 1994. "Using indigenous knowledge to improve agriculture and natural resource management." Human Organisation 53 (2). pp.123-131.

DFID (Department of International Development). 1999. Sustainable Livelihoods Guidance Sheets 1.1 & 2.1. Available at: www.dfid.gov.uk, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Dierkes, K and C Roberts. 2009. Demographics and service delivery in southern Namibia with special reference to the Orange-Fish River Basin, Namibia. Report produced for the Ephemeral River Basins in Southern Africa (ERB) Project, Desert Research Foundation of Namibia (DRFN): Windhoek.

DWAF. 2004a. Integrated Strategic Perspective: Upper Orange Water Management Area. DWAF Report Number: P WMA 13/000/00/0304. Pretoria, South Africa.

DWAF. 2004b. Integrated Strategic Perspective: Lower Orange Water Management Area. DWAF Report Number: P WMA 14/000/00/0304. Pretoria, South Africa.

DWAF (Department of Water Affairs and Forestry). Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa Website. Available at: dwaf.gov.za, accessed on: March 23, 2009.

Earle, A., D. Malzbender, A. Turton, and E. Manzungu. 2005. A Preliminary Basin Profile of the Orange/Senqu River. AWIRU, University of Pretoria, South Africa, ISBN: 1-86854-618-7. 44 pp.

EC (European Community). 2002. Kingdom of Lesotho: Country Strategy Paper and Indicative Programme for the period 2001 – 2007. Available at: ec.europa.eu/development/icenter/repository/print_ls_csp_en.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Emery, A.R. 1996. The Participation of Indigenous Peoples and Their Knowledge in Environmental Assessment and Development Planning (draft). Centre for Traditional Knowledge: Ottawa, Canada.

Eskom. 2007. Eskom fact sheet: Orange River Scheme – Gariep and Vanderkloof Power Stations.Available at: http://www.eskom.co.za/content/HY 0005OrRiverHydrRev1.doc, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation). 1997. FAO Irrigation potential in Africa, a basin approach, FAO Land and Water Bulletin vol. 4, FAO, Rome.

FAO. 2005. Special Report: FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission to Lesotho, 20 June 2005. Available at: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/008/J5513e/J5513e00.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

FAO. 2001.  Food Security. Definition of Food Security.  Available at:  www.fao.org/.  Accessed on 4 July 2009.

Förster, L. 2005. Land and landscape in Herero oral culture: Cultural and social aspects of the land question in Namibia. In: Namibia- Analysis and Views. Edition 1, 2005. Available at: http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_6396-544-1-30.pdf, accessed on: March 25, 2009.

Ferroukhi, Lyes and Srinivas Chokkakula. 2006. Indigenous knowledge of water management. 22nd WEDC Conference. New Dehli, India. Available at:
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FEWS-NET. 2009.  Regional Early Warning System. Food Security Early Warning System: Food Security Update January 2009. Available at: http://www.sadc.int/fanr/aims/rews/index.php, accessed on: April 29, 2009.

Flavier, J.M. Jesus, A., Navarro, C.S. 1995. The regional program for the promotion of indigenous knowledge in Asia, pp. 479-487 in Warren, D.M., L.J. Slikkerveer and D. Brokensha (eds). The cultural dimension of development: Indigenous knowledge systems. London: Intermediate Technology Publications.

Frankental, S. and O.B. Sichone. 2005.  South Africa's Diverse People: A Reference Sourcebook.  ABC-CLIO.

Fuller, B. 2006. Improving tenure security for the rural poor – Namibia: A country case study. Food and Agriculture of the United Nations. Available at: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/k0787e/k0787e00.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Gewald, J-B. 2001. El Negro, el Nino, Witchcraft and the Absence of Rain in Botswana. African Affairs 100: 555-580.

Gwebu, T. 2004. Patterns and trends of urbanization in Botswana and policy implications for sustainability (Botswana). Available at: http://www.uic.edu/cuppa/ cityfutures/papers/webpapers/cityfuturespapers/session3_3/3_3patterns.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Government of Botswana. 2007. Annual Poverty Monitoring Report 2006/2007: Translating the National Strategy for Poverty Reduction into Action. Gaborone, Botswana.

Henderson, Z. 2005. Florisbad, South Africa: Over 120,000 years of human activity. NYAME AKUMA. No. 44. December 1995. Available at: http://cohesion. rice.edu/CentersAndInst/SAFA/emplibrary/44_ch12.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

ICSU (International Council for Science). 2002. ICSU Series on Science for Sustainable Development. No. 4: Science, Traditional Knowledge and Sustainable Development. 24 pp.

IDRC (International Development Research Centre ). 2003. Traditional Ecological Knowledge Concepts and Cases. J.T. Inglis (Ed). Available at:
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IFAD. 2008.  Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Lesotho. Internal Fund for Agricultural Development. Available at: http://www.ifad.org/operations/projects/regions/Pf/factsheets/lesotho.pdf, accessed on: May 2008.

Indigenous Water Initiative. 2003. Available at: http://www.indigenouswater.org./about.html, accessed on: May 28, 2009.

ISS (Institute for Security Studies). 2009.  Namibia-Economy. Availalbe at: www.iss.co.za/AF/profiles/Namibia/Economy.html#Anchor-11111, accessed on: March 25, 2009.

Index Mundi. Country profiles. Available at : www.indexmundi.com,accessed on 20 November 2011.

Jürgens, N. 1991. A new approach to the Namib Region. 1. Phytogeographic subdivision. Vegetatio 97: 21-38.

Justinus Sechefo, n.d. Available at: http://www.malealea.co.ls/basotho-culture/basotho-beliefs.html, accessed on: May 27, 2009.

KfW. Country information for Lesotho. Available at: www.kfw-entwicklungsbank.de/EN_Home/Countries_and_ Projects/SubsaharaA93/Zentralafr31/Lesotho11/Country_Information_Lesotho.pdf, accessed on: February 10, 2009.

Knight, R. 2006. South Africa 2006: Population and HIV/AIDS. South Africa Delegation Briefing Paper, November 2006. Available at: http://richardknight.homestead.com/files/SouthAfrica2006-PopulationanandHIV-AIDS.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Krüger, F. 1998. Taking advantage of rural assets as a coping strategy for the urban poor: the case of rural urban interrelations in Botswana. Environment and Urbanization, Vol. 10, No. 1, April 1998. Available at: http://eau.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/10/1/119.pdf, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Kunene, M.  1982.   Ancestors and the Sacred Mountain. Masisi Kunene Foundation, Durban, South Africa.  Permission Received May 4, 2009. Personal communication (letter to V. Smith, Hatfield Consultants from R.M. Kunene, Mazisi Kunene Foundation).

Lange, G., E. Mungatana, and R Hassan. 2007. Water accounting for the Orange River Basin: An economic perspective on managing a transboundary resource. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/2263/3103, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Lesotho News. September 17, 2007. The Lesotho News issued an important appeal from His Majesty King Letsie III: His Majesty Calls for Nation to Pray for Rain.

LHDA (Lesotho Highlands Development Authority). 2002. Analysis of the minimum degradation, Treaty, Design limitation and Fourth Scenarios for Phase 1 development, Section 3: Social consequences. Report compiled by H. Sabet and P. Martel. Report No. LHDA 678-F-002. LHDA, Maseru, Lesotho.

LHDA. 2005. The economic impacts of Phase 1 of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. March 2005.

Livingston, J. 2005. Debility and the moral imagination in Botswana. Indiana University Press, Indiana, USA.

Loew, E.C. 1996. Basutoland. Eds. Olsen, J.S. and R. Shadle. History of the British Empire. pp 117-119.

Luyt, D. 2008. Governance, Accountability and Poverty Alleviation in South Africa. Centre for Social Accountability. Rhodes University. South Africa.

Matlosa, K. 1998. Changing socio-economic setting of the Highlands Regions as a result of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. Transformation 37 (1998) pp. 29-45.

Martin, M. 1903. Basutholand: It’s Legends and Customs. Nichols & Co. London.

Matete, M. 2004. The ecological economics of inter-basin water transfers: The Case of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. PhD thesis for: the Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension of Rural Development. Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Mathangwane, B. and J. Aliwa.  2009.  Water and Culture.  Personal communication.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.  2003.  Ecosystems and human well-being: a framework for assessment.  Washington, DC.  Island Press.

Mining-technology.com. 2009.  Debswana Diamond Mines, Botswana. Available at: http://www.mining-technology.com/projects/ debswana/, accessed on: March 24, 2009.

Ministry of Trade and Industry 2009. Namibia Ministry of Trade and Industry website: Naute Aqua Fish Farms Project.  Available at: http://www.mti.gov.na/subpage.php?linkNo=113, accessed on: October 3, 2009.

Ministry of Environment and Tourism (Namibia). 2009.  Integrated Conservation and Development Plan (ICDP) for the Namibian Component of a Potential Transfrontier Conservation Area along the Lower Orange River.  ICDP Report January 2009. Stubenrauch Planning Consultants.

Mphale, M.M. and E.G. Rwambali. 2003. Lesotho Food Security Issues Paper for Forum for Food Security in Southern Africa.

Namibia Oral Tradition Project 1997.  'Muzimbikana and Other Namibian Adventures', New Namibia Books, Windhoek, Namibia.

Namibia Early Warning and Food Information Unit 2006.  Namibia Food Bulletin June 2006.  Available at: http://www.tulane.edu/~internut/namannexuploads/Annex%204.doc, accessed on: October 2, 2009.

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Namibian Tourism Board. 2009.  Available at: http://www.namibiatourism.com.na/, accessed on: March 13, 2009.

Nel, B. 2004. Performance Improvement. Volume 43, Number 3.

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