Namibia is a sparsely populated country in southern Africa, bordering South Africa to the south, Botswana and Zimbabwe to the east and Angola and Zambia to the north, with the western boundary of the country being the Atlantic Ocean. The southern border with South Africa is delineated by the Lower Orange River, with approximately 26% of the Orange-Senqu River basin falling in Namibia. The ephemeral Fish River contributes to the Lower Orange River, when it flow. The ephemeral Nossob River joins with the Molopo River but water from this river system does not reach the Orange River.
Mining supports a large portion of Namibia’s economy, with tourism and service industries also contributing significantly. Agriculture is largely constrained by the availability of water, particularly in the south of the country, a region classified as arid and in some places hyper-arid.
Key indicators and data
Sources: Namibia 2001 Population and Housing Census, Globalis GVU UNEP (2009), World Factbook (2009), BBC Monitoring (2009), UNHDR (2008); World Water (2002)