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Resource Management References

   

Alexander, R.A. and D.I. van Wyk. 2005. Dam Development Options and Economic Analysis. Volume 1 & 2 (Appendices). In the: Pre-Feasibility Study into Measures to Improve the Management of the Lower Orange River and to Provide for Future Developments along the Border between Namibia and South Africa.

Allan, J.A. 1998. Virtual water: a strategic resource. Global solutions to regional deficits. Groundwater, 36(4): pp. 545-546.

Aquastat Botswana. 2009.  FAO’s Information System on Water and Agriculture: Botswana. Available at: http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/countries/botswana/index.stm, accessed on: May 4, 2009.

Aquastat Lesotho. 2009.  FAO’s Information System on Water and Agriculture: Lesotho. Available at: http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/countries/lesotho/index.stm, accessed on: May 6, 2009.

Aquastat Namibia. 2009.  FAO’s Information System on Water and Agriculture: Namibia. Available at: http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/countries/namibia/index.stm, accessed on: April 10, 2009.

Aquastat South Africa. 2009.  FAO’s Information System on Water and Agriculture: South Africa. Available at: http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/countries/south_africa/index.stm, accessed on: April 10, 2009.

Arntzen, J.W. and T. Setlhogile. 2007. Mainstreaming wastewater through water accounting: The example of Botswana. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32: pp. 1221-1230.

Australian Government. 2009a. Greater Murray Basin: River Basin Summary fact sheet.  Available at: http://adl.brs.gov.au/water2010/pdf/catchment_999_0_ summary.pdf , accessed on: October 4, 2009.

Australian Government. 2009b. Greater Darling Basin: River Basin Summary fact sheet.  Available at: http://adl.brs.gov.au/water2010/pdf/catchment_999_0_ summary.pdf, accessed on: October 4, 2009.

Bethune, S., M. Amakali, and K. Roberts. 2005. Review of Namibian Legislation and Policies Pertinent to Environmental Flows. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 30: 894-902.

Biggs, R., E. Bohensky, P.V. Desanker, C. Fabricius, T. Lynam, A.A. Misselhorn, C. Musvoto, M. Mutale, B. Reyers, R.J. Scholes, S. Shikongo, and A.S. van Jaarsveld. 2004. Nature Supporting People: The Southern African Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Integrated Report. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria. 68 pp.

Böge, V. 2006. Water Governance in Southern Africa – Cooperation and Conflict Prevention in Transboundary River Basins. Bonn International Center for Conversion. BICC brief 33. Available at: http://www.bicc.de/publications/briefs/brief33/brief33.pdf, accessed on: March 23, 2007.

Botswana Tourism. 2009.  Maps of the world.com: Botswana Tourism. Available at: http://www.mapsofworld.com/botswana/economy/tourism.html, accessed on: June 9, 2009.

Christelis, G. and W. Struckmeier (Eds). 2001. Groundwater in Namibia: an explanation of the Hydrogeological Map.

Conley, A.H. and P.H. van Niekerk. 2000. Sustainable management of international waters: The Orange River case. Water Policy, 2, pp. 131-149.

Cooper, J.J., G.J. Fleming, T. Malungani, and A.A. Misselhorn. 2004. Ecosystem Services in Southern Africa: A Regional Assessment. Editors: Scholes, R.J. and R. Biggs. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa. 84 pp.

Dierkes, K. and C. Roberts. 2009. Demographics and service delivery in southern Namibia with special reference to the Orange-Fish River Basin, Namibia. Report produced for the Ephemeral River Basins in Southern Africa (ERB) Project, Desert Research Foundation of Namibia (DRFN), Windhoek.

DWAF (Department of Water Affairs and Forestry). Directorate: Water Conservation. Available at: http://www.dwaf.gov.za/WaterConservation/QA.htm, accessed on: May 1, 2009.

DWAF. 1999. Water Conservation and Demand Management Framework Draft. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Republic of South Africa.

DWAF. 2003a. Upper Orange Water Management Area: Overview of Water Resources Availability and Utilisation. National Water Resources Strategy, Report No. P WMA 13/000/00/0203 by BKS (Pty), Department of Water Affairs and forestry, Pretoria, South Africa by M.S. Basson and J.D. Rossow. 164 pp. + appendices.

DWAF. 2003b. Lower Orange Water Management Area: Overview of Water Resources Availability and Utilisation. National Water Resources Strategy, Report No. P WMA 14/000/00/0203 by BKS (Pty) as part of National Water Resources Strategy, South Africa. 31 pp. + appendices.

DWAF. 2003c. Upper Vaal Water Management Area: Overview of Water Resources Availability and Utilisation. National Water Resources Strategy Report No. P WMA 08/000/00/0203. by BKS (Pty) Ltd. 33pp. + appendices.

DWAF. 2003d. Middle Vaal Water Management Area: Overview of Water Resources Availability and Utilisation. National Water Resources Strategy Report No. P WMA 09/000/00/0203. BKS (Pty) Ltd. 28pp. + appendices.

DWAF. 2003e. Lower Vaal Water Management Area: Overview of Water Resources Availability and Utilisation. National Water Resources Strategy Report No. P WMA 10/000/00/0203. BKS (Pty) Ltd. 30 pp.

DWAF. 2004. National Water Resource Strategy. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. First Edition.

DWAF. 2004a. Internal Strategic Perspective: Upper Orange Water Management Area. Report No. P WMA 13/000/00/0304. 25 pp.

DWAF. 2004b. Internal Strategic Perspective: Lower Orange Water Management Area. Report No. P WMA 14/000/00/0304. 22 pp.

DWAF. 2004c. Internal Strategic Perspective: Overarching. Report No. P RSA D000/00/0104.

DWAF. The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry Website. Available at: http://www.dwaf.gov.za, accessed on: May 10, 2009.

DWAF. National Groundwater Quality Monitoring Project (NGwQMP). Available at: http://www.dwaf.gov.za/Groundwater/NGQMP.asp#ngwms, accessed on: May 14, 2009.

Eales, K., S. Fraser and L. Du Mhango. No date. Strain, Water Demand, and Supply Direction in the most Stressed Water Systems of Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. IDRC publication.

Earle, A. and A.R. Turton. 2003. The virtual water trade amongst countries of the SADC. In Virtual Water Trade: Proceedings of the International Expert Meeting on Virtual Water Trade, IHE Delft, pp. 183-200.

Earle, A., D. Malzbender, A. Turton, and E. Manzungu. 2005. A Preliminary Basin Profile of the Orange/Senqu River. Prepared for the SADC Water Division and ORASECOM. AWIRU, University of Pretoria, South Africa. 44 pp.

Encounter. Augrabies Falls. 2009.  Available at: www.encounter.co.za/article/89.html, accessed on: May 2, 2009.

Eskom. 2007. Fact Sheet: Orange River Scheme – Gariep and Vanderkloof Power Stations. Available at: www.eskom.co.za/content/HY%200005OrRiverHydrRev1.doc, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Euromonitor. Travel and Tourism in Lesotho. Available at: http://www.euromonitor.com/Travel_And_Tourism_in_Lesotho, accessed on: May 12, 2009.

FANR (Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources). Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources. Southern African Development Community. Available at: http://www.sadc.int/fanr/index.php, accessed on: May 14, 2009.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 1997. Irrigation Potential in Africa: A basin approach. FAO Land and Water Development Division.

Freeman, A.M. 1991. Valuing environmental resources under alternative management regimes. Ecological Economics, 3: 247-56.

Government of Botswana. 2001. The Botswana National Atlas. The Department of Surveys and Mapping, Botswana.

Government of North-West Province. 2002. State of the Environment Report for the North-West Province. Available at: http://www.nwpg.gov.za/soer/fullreport/exec_summary.html, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

Gumbo, B. 2004. The status of water demand management in selected cities of southern Africa. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth (29), pp. 1225-1231.

HDR. 2005. Botswana Human Development Report: Harnessing Science and Technology for Human Development. United Nations Development Program.

Hoekstra, A.Y. 2003. Virtual water trade between nations: A global mechanism affecting regional water systems, Global Change News Letter, IGBP, Issue No.54, June 2003.

Hoekstra, A.Y. and P.Q. Hung. 2002. Virtual water trade: a quantification of virtual water flows between nations in relation to international crop trade. Value of Water Research Report Series, No. 11, IHE Delft.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2001. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group II Contribution to the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC. Geneva.

IRNAP (International Rivers Network’s Africa Program). 2006. Dams Planned for African Rivers.

Kgomotso, P.K. 2005. The challenge of implementing integrated water resource management (IWRM) in the lower Okavango river basin, Ngamiland district, Botswana. Faculty of Science, University of the Western Cape.

Kotelo-Molaoa, M.N. 2007. The Socio-Economic Impact of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project Resettlement Programme at Makhoakhoeng. PhD. Thesis, University of the Freestate, Department of Sociology. Available at: http://etd.uovs.ac.za/ETD-db//theses/available/etd-10232008-123636/unrestricted/Kotelo-MolaoaMN.pdf, accessed on: September 23, 2009.

Lahnsteiner, J. and G. Lempert. 2007. Water Management in Windhoek, Namibia. Water Science and Technology. 55(1): 441-448.

Lange, G. and R.M. Hassan. 2006. The economics of water management in Southern Africa: an environmental accounting approach. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Lange, G.M., E. Mungatana and R. Hassan. 2007. Water Accounting for the Orange River Basin: An Economic Perspective on Managing a Transboundary Resource. Ecological Economics. 61: 660-670.

LHDA (Lesotho Highlands Development Authority). 2009.  Available at: http://www.lhwp.org.ls, accessed on: May 12, 2009.

LHWP (Lesotho Highlands Water Project). 2009.  Understanding Power Generation at ‘Muela Hydropower Station in View of Load Shedding. Available at: www.lhwp.org.ls/downloads/reports/pdf/Muela_Power_Generation.pdf, accessed on: May 11, 2009.

LHWP. 2009.  IFR Procedures 3: Monitoring Programme. Available at: http://www.lhwp.org.ls/Reports/HTML/IFR%20PROCEDURES%203%20biophysical.htm, accessed on: May 14, 2009.

LWSIMS (Lesotho Water Sector Information Management System). 2009.  Available at: http://www.lwsims.gov.ls/Pages/RequestAccess.aspx, accessed on: May 20, 2009.

Maserumule, R., C. Colvin and S. Woodburne. 2008. How Does Climate Change Affect Groundwater in South Africa? CSIR Natural Resources and the Environment, Pretoria.

Matete, M. 2004. The ecological economics of inter-basin water transfers: The Case of the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. PhD thesis for: the Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension of Rural Development. Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Millennium Challenge Corporation. 2009.  Lesotho. Available at: http://www.mcc.gov/countries/lesotho/index.php, accessed on: May 1, 2009.

Morgan, K. 2009.  Understanding how Data Quality Impacts Decision Quality. Research Triangle Institute. Washington DC. Available at: fisher.osu.edu/~butler_267/DAPresent/SanAntonio/TC01-4.pdf, accessed on: May 12, 2009.

Muir, C., M. Mare, F. du Plessis, B. van der Merwe, and C. Crosby. 2004. Prefeasibility Study into Measures to Improve the Management of the Lower Orange River and to Provide for Future Developments along the Border between Namibia and South Africa: Water Requirements. Prepared for the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. Report No PB D00/00/4202. 195 pp.

Muller, M. undated. Interbasin Water Sharing to Achieve Water Security: A South African Perspective. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. Unpublished notes. 10 pp.

Murray, E.C. 2004. Wise Water Management for Towns and Cities. Water Research Commission, Technical report TT 219/03. Pretoria, South Africa.

Namibia Tourism Board. 2006. Namibia Tourism Investment Roadmap. Services Group/USAID, USAID Contract No.690-M-00-04-00309-00 (GS 10F-0277P), Weather SA, 2009.

Namibia Tourism Board. 2009.  The South. Available at: http://www.namibiatourism.com.na/country_s_region.php. Accessed on: May 12, 2009.

Namwater. undated. Namibia Water Corporation Ltd. Available at: http://www.namwater.com.na/index.asp, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

NeWater. 2005. Transboundary River Basin Management Regimes: The Orange Basin Case Study. Background report to Deliverable 1.3.1. Available at: http://www.newater.info, accessed on: October 6, 2009.

ORASECOM 2007a. Orange River Integrated Water Resources Management Plan: Review of Existing Infrastructure in the Orange River Catchment. By WRP Consulting Engineers, Jeffares and Green, Sechaba Consulting, WCE Pty Ltd, and Water Surveys Botswana (Pty) Ltd. ORASECOM, Gaborone, Botswana. 133 pp. + appendices.

ORASECOM. 2007b. Summary of Water Requirements in the Orange River Catchment. Orange River Integrated Water Resources Management Plan.

ORASECOM. 2007d. Review of Groundwater Resources in the Orange River Catchment. Orange River Integrated Water Resources Management Plan.

ORASECOM. 2007e. Environmental Considerations Pertaining to the Orange River WRP Consulting Engineers, Jeffares and Green, Sechaba Consulting, WCE Pty Ltd, Water Surveys Botswana (Pty) Ltd. 190 pp.

ORASECOM. 2007f. Summary of Water Requirements from the Orange River. WRP Consulting Engineers, Jeffares and Green, Sechaba Consulting, WCE Pty Ltd, Water Surveys Botswana (Pty) Ltd. 70 pp.

ORASECOM. 2007h. Demographic and Economic Activity in the Four Orange Basin States. Orange River Integrated Water Resource Management Plan. WRP Consulting Engineers, Jeffares and Green, Sechaba Consulting, WCE (Pty) Ltd.

ORASECOM. 2007j. Institutional Structures in the four Orange Basin States. WRP Consulting Engineers, Jeffares and Green, Sechaba Consulting, WCE Pty Ltd, Water Surveys Botswana (Pty) Ltd. 46 pp.

ORASECOM. 2009. A Scoping Study for an Aquatic Ecosystem Health Monitoring Programme. Report No. ORASECOM XXX/2009.

Rothert, S. 2000. Water Conservation and Demand Management Potential in Southern Africa: An Untapped River. Int. J. Water. 1(1):118-144.

Saayman, I.C., H.E. Beekman, S. Adams, R.B. Campbell, J. Conrad, M.V. Fey, N. Jovanovic, A. Thomas, and B.H. Usher. 2007. Assessment of Aquifer Vulnerability in South Africa. Water Research Commission, South Africa. Report No 1432/1/07. 92 pp.

SADC (Southern African Development Community). 2009.  Distribution of geological formations/ aquifers in SADC Members States. Available at: http://www.sadcwscu.org.ls/programme/groundwater/prog_groundprog_list1.htm, accessed on: May 14, 2009.

SAIEA (Southern Africa Institute for Environmental Assessment). 2003. Environmental Impact Assessment in Southern Africa. Windhoek, Namibia.

Sandstrom, K. and M. Singh. 2004. Water Demand Management in Southern Africa. Prepared for the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. Akkadia Consulting. 76 pp.

SATOUR (South African Tourism Organization). 1997. Winter Survey. Available at: http://www.southafrica.net/sat/content/en/ca/home. Accessed on 12 July 2009.

SA-Venues. 2009.  Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Northern Cape. Available at: http://www.sa-venues.com/game-reserves/nc_kgalagadi-transfrontier-park.htm, accessed on: May 12, 2009.

Scholes, R.J. and R. Biggs (Eds). 2004. Ecosystem Services in Southern Africa: A Regional Assessment. A contribution to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.

Southern Africa Water Wire. 2009. Available at: http://ipsnews.net/new_focus/saf_water/index.asp  Accessed on 12 July 2009.

State of the Environment. National State of the Environment Report – South Africa. Available at: http://www.environment.gov.za/soer/nsoer/Issues/water/response.htm, accessed on: May 14, 2009.

Stormwater. 2009.  Stormwater Runoff. Available at: http://www.rivanna-stormwater.org/stormwater.htm, accessed on: May 18, 2009.

Texas Water Development Board. Undated. Agricultural Water Conservation Practices. Conservation Brochure. Texas Water Development Board, Austin, Texas. Available at: http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/assistance/conservation/agricons.htm.

Texas Water. Rainwater Harvesting. Available at: http://texaswater.tamu.edu/conservation.rainwater.html, accessed on: April 30, 2009.

Turton, A.R. 2003. An Overview of the hydropolitical dynamics of the Orange Basin. In (ed) Nakayama, M. International Waters in Southern Africa. United Nations University Press, p. 136.

Turton, A.R. and N. Quinn. 2000. The Shared River Initiative on the Incomati. Paper presented to the Portfolio Committee for Environmental Affairs and Tourism in the National Assembly.

UK Parliament. Memorandum submitted by the ComMark Trust. Available at: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmselect/cmintdev/921/921we32.htm, accessed on: May 8, 2009.

UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation). 2001. Internationally Shared (Transboundary) Aquifer Resources Management. UNESCO, Paris.

United Nations. July 4, 2008. Lesotho: Water running on empty. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Integrated Regional Information Networks.

UNSD (United Nations Statistics Division). May 2006. Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting for Water Resources. Draft for Discussion. Available online.

Van Veelen, M., T. Baker, K. Mulale, A. Bron, A. Fanta, V. Jonker, W. Mullins, and H. Schoeman. 2008. Catchment Status Inventory Report: Feasibility Study of the Potential for Sustainable Water Resources Development in the Molopo-Nossob Watercourse. Draft version.

Water Research Commission 2005.  November/December 2005 Edition. When Water Turns Deadly: Investigating Nitrate in Groundwater in SA. The Water Wheel, Vol. 4, No. 6, November/December 2005. Water Research Commission, Pretoria.

WCD (World Commission on Dams). 2000. Orange River Development Project, South Africa. Prepared by the World Commission on Dams (WCD) Secretariat. Cape Town, South Africa.

Weather SA. 2009.  Services. Climate Change, what, when and where? Available at: http://www.weathersa.co.za/References/Climchange.jsp, accessed on: May 18, 2009.

WHO (World Health Organisation). 2004. Health topics: Sanitation.Available at: http://www.who.int/topics/sanitation/en/.Accessed on December 9,2011.

WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme. 2000. Global Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Assessment. 

Williams, E.D., R.U. Ayres and M. Heller. 2002. The 1.7 kilogram microchip: Energy and material use in the production of semiconductor devices, Environmental Science and Technology 36(24): 5504-5510.

Wood, M. 2002. Ecotourism: Principles, Practices and Policies for sustainability. United Nations Environment Programme.

 

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